Commonly Abused Drugs


Most commonly abused drugs can alter the normal functioning of the body leading to health risks. They may also lead to addiction, infectious diseases, and psychological problems. There are so many risks involved in drug abuse and may result in greater effects in a person’s body.

The following are nine commonly abused drugs

1. Marijuana (Cannabis)

This is one of the commonly abused drugs which is also categorized into cannabinoids. It is commonly known as Bhang or weed. The drug is obtained from the Cannabis sativa plant. It is mostly used through smoking or swallowing and stimulates the central nervous system. Habitual use of marijuana can result in heart diseases and mental problems.

Marijuana (Cannabis)

2. Tobacco

Tobacco is available in common forms such as cigars, cigarettes, and bidis. The common way in which the drug is taken is through smoking. The long-term health effects of using tobacco include increased the risk of cancer particularly lung cancer. It can also cause heart disease, chronic bronchitis, leukemia and pneumonia.

3. Cocaine

Cocaine is one of the common powerful addictive stimulants. It is usually available in powder form and can be modified for smoking. The long term effect of using the drug include loss of sense of smell, nasal damage, decreased appetite, nose bleeds among many other effects.

4. Alcohol

Alcohol is found in beer, wine, and liquor. Many people drink alcohol but are unaware of the substantial effects that it has on them. Some people may become addicted to alcohol, but others do not. Drinking too much alcohol has enormous consequences and increase the risk to a variety of problems.

5. Methamphetamine

Methamphetamine is an extremely addictive stimulant drug that is usually snorted, smoked or injected. The drug can cause hyperthermia which speeds up the heart. The long-term effect of the drug is insomnia, anxiety and psychotic effects.


6. Heroin

Heroin is an opiate drug that is made from morphine. The drug acts on the central nervous system and can affect the critical functions of the brain. It can cause collapsed vein, stomach cramps, kidney disease among many other health related problems.

7. Khat

This drug comprises of psychoactive chemicals which cause increased arousal and alertness. The drug commonly chewed. Long term effect of the drug includes stomach inflammation, ulcers, tooth decay and gum diseases.

8. Inhalants

These include solvents such as spray paints, glues, makers and other gasses found in household products. The drug may result in liver and kidney damage, and brain damage.

9. Hallucinogens

HallucinogensThese are drugs that cause immense distortions in an individual’s perception of reality. Examples of these drugs include ketamine, mescaline, salvia, psilocybin, DMT, and ayahuasca.

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